I. Essential Element s of Trinity

1. God is One.
2. Each of the persons within the Godhead is Deity.
3. The oneness of God and the threeness of God are not contradictions.
4. The Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) is eternal.
5. Each of the persons of God is of the same essence and is not inferior or superior to the others in essence.
6. The Trinity is a mystery which we will never be able to understand fully.

II. Natural Illustrations 1x1x1=1 (Nathan Wood)

1.    Length x Breadth x Height = Space
2.    Energy x Motion x Phenomenon = Matter
3.    Future x Present x Past = Time
4.    Space x Matter x Time = Universe
5.    Nature x Person x Personality = Man

III. Philosophical Rationality of Trinity

Provides the rational-eternal basis for moral categories – If God was a not a Trinity, then categories such as love, joy, and goodness couldn’t be absolute.
Provides the rational-empirical basis for epistemic categories – if God was not a Trinity, then the knowledge as a subject-object relationship, as analytic-synthetic distinction, and Truth as such couldn’t find an original ground.
Provides the relational basis for interpersonal relationships. Therefore, Christ could pray regarding His disciples, “that they may be one, as We are” (Joh. 17:11).
Provides the metaphysical ground for a pluralist reality, and unity in diversity of the uni-verse.

III. Scriptural Proofs

Deu. 6:4; Psa. 2:7; Heb. 1:13; Psa. 68:18; Isa. 6:1-3; Isa. 9:6; Gen. 1:2; 1Ti. 1:17; 1Co. 8:4-6; 1Pe. 1:2; Joh. 1:17; Phi. 2:11; Mat. 3:16-17; Act. 5:3-4

IV. False Views of Trinity

1. Unitarianism – Father is creator, Son is creature, Spirit is impersonal.
2. Sabellianism – (Modalism) Father (OT), Son (NT), Spirit (Present).
3. Tritheism – Father, Son, and H.S. are three distinct gods.


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